Batch Digester ModificationsCosts & Benefits
|Parent Process: Chemical Pulping|
|Energy Savings Potential||
Energy savings of indirect heating may amount to 3.17 GJ/t (Kramer et al., 2009. p.91).
|CO2 Emission Reduction Potential||
CO2 emissions saving by 105.6 kg/t is estimated (Martin et al., 2000. p.21).
Indirect heating increases operational and maintenance costs.
Batch Digester ModificationsSchematic
Batch Digester Modifications Publications
Opportunities to Improve Energy Efficiency and Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the U.S. Pulp and Paper Industry
Published July 2000
Technologies For Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions: A Resource Manual For Pulp, Paper, And Wood Products Manufacturers
This report from National Council For Air And Stream Improvement in the US provides descriptions of technologies for CO2 reduction in pulp and paper mills, and offers calculations on cost and CO2 savings.
This Energy Guide discusses energy efficiency practices and energy-efficient technologies that can be implemented at the component, process, facility, and organizational levels.