Gap FormingCosts & Benefits
|Parent Process: Papermaking|
|Energy Savings Potential||
Estimates for the electricity savings are about 40 kWh/ton of paper (Kramer et al., 2009. p.104).
|CO2 Emission Reduction Potential|
A study estimates the cost of installing a gap former with head box to be $75,750/inch of width (1996 dollars) (Kramer et al., 2009. p.104).
Gap Forming Publications
This Energy Guide discusses energy efficiency practices and energy-efficient technologies that can be implemented at the component, process, facility, and organizational levels.