Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is a member of the national laboratory system supported by the U.S. Department of Energy through its Office of Science. It is managed by the University of California (UC) and is charged with conducting unclassified research across a wide range of scientific disciplines.
The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR) has the overall responsibility for energy efficiency policy in Turkey. Within the ministry, this work is delegated to the Electrical Power Resources Survey and Development Administration (EIE). An important multi-stakeholder body is the Energy Efficiency Co-ordination Board (EECB).
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) is a ministry under the State Council that supervises industrial enterprises and their operation through formulating and implementing plans, policies and standards concerning industry development.
The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of China is a macroeconomic governance agency under the State Council, which studies and formulates policies for economic and social development, maintains a balance of economic aggregates and guides the overall economic system restructuring (NDRC 2011).
National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) is the trade association for the US electrical manufacturing industry. It has extensive work done on standardization, application guides, white papers, and technical papers. NEMA established a NEMA Premium® energy efficiency motors program to provide highly energy efficient products that meet the needs and applications of users and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is the ministry of the government of Canada responsible for natural resources, energy, minerals and metals, forests, earth sciences, mapping and remote sensing. Its Office of Energy Efficiency (OEE) is responsible for energy conservation, efficiency and alternative fuels information and programs. The OEE is mandated to strengthen and expand Canada's commitment to energy efficiency in order to help address the Government of Canada's policy objectives.
New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) is Japan’s largest public R&D management organization and it coordinates technology development activities in collaboration with the industrial, academic and governmental sectors. NEDO has placed particular emphasis on energy and environment field since its foundation in 1980.
The Paper Industry Management Association (PIMA) is the leading association for management professionals in the paper and pulp industry. The aim of the association is to contribute to the strength of the international pulp and paper community by providing its members with resources to address relevant industry issues and to develop their management and leadership skills. PIMA works under the Technical Association of Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI) and is located in Norcross, Georgia, USA (PIMA, 2011).
The Pulp and Paper Technical Association of Brazil (ABTCP) was established with the purpose of raising the technical standard of the paper manufacturers in Brazil, in order to create the basis for a sustainable industry. The association has more than a thousand members. It also disseminates and publishes specialised information about production in general (ABTCP, 2011a). The ABCPT was first established as ABCP in 1967 (ABTCP, 2011b).
The Pulp and Paper Technical Association of Canada (PAPTAC) was founded in 1915 and has 3000 members. It is an independent, not-for-profit association. PAPTAC has the following objectives: